The gynaecologist is the specialist for the female sexual organs. He conducts regular preventive medical checkups, such as smear tests of the cervix (the mouth of the womb) and breast screening. He advises women of all ages on questions of contraception, infertility and problems with the menopause.
When dealing with disorders of the female sexual organs he conducts the appropriate tests and organises the appropriate treatment. He is able to make use of a variety of drugs or – if called for – surgical interventions. The gynaecologist who has had the appropriate surgical training can, for instance, carry out a sterilisation or a hysterectomy (where the womb is removed).
The obstetrician is concerned with everything to do with pregnancy. He advises and examines future mothers during this period of their lives and is generally responsible for what goes on during the birth. With the appropriate surgical training he can – if necessary – even carry out a caesarean section. After the birth he undertakes the initial care of the newborn and advises the mother after she has given birth, and addresses any other medical issues she may have.