Wounds are a part of everyday life, whether it's a minor graze caused by a fall at the local playing field or a large burn from touching a hot oven. Find out how to treat cuts, grazes, etc. yourself and when it's essential to see a doctor.
What is it?
The most common wounds
Wounds can be caused by cuts or surface damage to the skin. The most common types of wounds and how they occur are summarised in this overview:
|Types of wounds ||Characterisation|
What to do?
Treating wounds correctly
You can treat minor skin wounds yourself. It is important to always wash your hands before treating a wound. Using hand disinfectant is also recommended:
|1. Clean the wound|
If the wound is dirty, it should be cleaned using lukewarm water. Then carefully pat the affected area dry with a clean cotton cloth. You can now use sterile tweezers to remove small foreign objects like gravel or splinters of wood.
|2. Disinfect the wound|
Treat the wound with a wound care cream or spray.
|3. Cover the wound|
Cover the wound, for example with a plaster, to prevent germs getting in. Change the dressing regularly while the wound is healing.
When to see a doctor?
When should I see a doctor?
Wounds should be examined and treated by a doctor as quickly as possible (at the latest 6 hours after the injury) in the following instances:
- Wounds that are large, deep or bleeding heavily
- Wounds that are very dirty or contain foreign objects
- Severe pain
- Animal bites (risk of infection)
- No protection against tetanus (vaccination)