Neuropelveology, which literally means «the study of pelvic nerves», focuses on diseases and functional disturbances on nerves of the small pelvis.
What is Neuropelveology?
Neuropelveology is a specialized medical domain that focuses on neurological diseases and functional disturbances of the small pelvis. Its diagnostic and therapeutic spectrum is very large. It includes conditions such as endometriosis, tumours of the small pelvis and postoperative scars and adhesions that may affect the small pelvis nerves and cause pain. Neuropelveology also studies direct damage to pelvic nerves that occurs, for example, in multiple sclerosis and spina bifida, as well as traumatic spinal cord lesions and nerve wounds caused by extensive surgery. The diagnosis and targeted therapy of pelvic pain and functional disturbances of the small pelvis require specific medical knowledge in gynaecology, urology, neurology and neurosurgery.
Neuropelveology is typically concerned with the following issues:
- Anatomy (structure and ultrastructure) of the nerves of the small pelvis and preserving this anatomy in the event of radical surgery in order to maintain organ function as far as possible. Thus, in the case of endometriosis surgery, hysterectomy, prostatectomy or tumour resection, care must be taken to completely preserve the sexual, vesical and intestinal functions.
- Minimally invasive laparoscopy on the nerves of the small pelvis to treat nerve pain in the abdomen and pelvic cavity.
- Diagnosis and treatment of pelvic nerve disorders that may cause functional disturbances and pain.
- Diagnosis and treatment of different conditions of the small pelvis that are not necessarily neurological but nevertheless result in pelvic nerve pain or disorders.