Tumours in this area often occur in the uterus and rarely in the vagina or the external genital parts. Again here, surgery is generally the primary measure. Subsequent radiotherapy is directed at the tumour/tumour area and the lymph drainage region. This means that often, the entire lesser pelvis is treated with radiotherapy.
For internal radiotherapy (in the vagina or cervix and the uterine cavity), the brachytherapy treatment is used. It involves a metal tube containing a radioactive source being placed inside the uterus, or a hollow plastic cylinder, again containing a radioactive source, being placed inside the vagina. These are left in position for a precisely calculated period of time and radiate over a very short distance, so that the tumour is treated with a high radiation dosage without affecting the neighbouring, healthy organs.