Obstetric forceps are used during the expulsive phase if the baby is stuck in the pelvis and the mother is too weak to push.
The doctor carefully holds the head of the child with the forceps, which consist of two bent metal spoons, and pulls it gently out of the vagina. As this is a painful method, the birth canal is usually locally anaesthetized. Additionally, an episiotomy is often performed to help the head to pass through. Forceps delivery can leave red bruises on the head of the child for a short time, but this doesn’t change the shape of its head.
The obstetric forceps is an alternative to the suction cup if the suction cup is too weak to help or if the birth has to happen quickly due to a decrease in heart sound.