There are many different kinds of knee conditions with a variety of symptoms (pain, restricted movement, instability, etc.). They may be traumatic in nature (caused by an accident) or degenerative (related to age).

Traumatic conditions:

  • Ligament tear (anterior/posterior cruciate ligaments, collateral ligaments)
  • Meniscal tear
  • Patella dislocation
  • Focal cartilage injuries

Degenerative conditions:

  • Osteoarthritis 
  • Meniscal lesions 

Anatomy of the knee


  1. Femur
  2. Patellar tendon
  3. Patella
  4. Cartilage
  5. Cruciate ligaments
  6. Medial collateral ligament
  7. Meniscus
  8. Tibia