Uterine cancer is a cancer of the uterus. It primarily affects women after menopause. Uterine cancer develops from abnormal cells in the uterine lining (endometrium). Therefore, the disease is also known as endometrial cancer.
The uterus consists of the corpus and cervix. Different types of cancer can develop in both parts. Cancer of the cervix is discussed in the cervical cancer section.
Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, occurs in the mucous membrane cells of the corpus. Around 900 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer in Switzerland every year. Women who have gone through menopause are primarily affected by uterine cancer, and the risk increases as you age.
The causes of uterine cancer are largely unknown. Certain factors seem to increase the risk. They include excessive body weight, diabetes, early menarche, childlessness and late menopause. Hormone therapy with oestrogen and no additional gestagen is also associated with an increased risk.
Uterine cancer causes very few symptoms in its early stages. Signs of cancer are unusual bleeding during menopause, after menopause, or malodorous vaginal discharge.
Uterine cancer is diagnosed with an ultrasound examination of the uterus. A uterine endoscopy in which tissue samples are taken is usually carried out as well.
The disease is usually treated by surgically removing the entire uterus. The ovaries are also often removed at the same time. Partial removal of the uterus is sometimes adequate – however, only if the cancer is in a very early stage, i.e. still clearly confined. You can find out more about the surgical treatment options in the uterine surgery section.
Depending on the stage of the cancer, the surgical treatment is followed by radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy.
Clinic for Hematology & Oncology Hirslanden ZurichWitellikerstrasse 40 8032 ZürichF +41 44 387 22 75e-mail
Gynaecological Tumour Centre Klinik St. AnnaAvailable by telephone from Monday to Friday 09.00 - 11.30 h and 13.30 - 16.00 h
Gynaecology CenterAvenue de la Roseraie 76A
1205 GenèveF +41 22 321 26 70e-mail
Gynaecology Salem-SpitalSchänzlistrasse 39
3013 BernF +41 31 337 69 30
Oncological and Haematology CentreHirslanden Clinique des Grangettes
Route de chêne 110
Tumor centre BernMonbijoustrasse 10