The shoulder joint is highly mobile and relies on coordination between various muscles, tendons and ligaments – yet these traits also make it vulnerable to injury. Shoulder injuries typically involve the rotator cuff. However, osteoarthritis, dislocations, impingement or a broken collarbone can also cause shoulder pain and limit the mobility of the joint. Here is an overview of the structure and problems associated with this complex joint.

Due to its complex anatomy the shoulder is prone to injuries and to degenerative wear and tear such as:

  • Osteoarthritis of the shoulder
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Collarbone fracture
  • Rotator cuff rupture 


Shoulder problems