Intensive care is used in situations where vital body functions stop working as a result of a disorder, operation or accident. This can involve the activity of the heart, breathing, or the normal functioning of the liver, kidneys or brain.
The specialist in intensive care medicine has at his disposal everything that is needed to resuscitate a patient and restore the normal functions of the organs. He has in-depth knowledge of the drugs and equipment that are required to do this, such as the ventilator, or the defibrillator that uses electric current to correct malfunctions in the muscles of the heart.
The specialist in intensive care medicine plays an important role in transplant operations. He establishes the brain death of the donor, and looks after the organ recipient following the operation for as long as is necessary.